Comprehensive Trauma Care is of paramount importance in victims of Poly-Trauma. With increasing road traffic and industrial accidents more and more people, specially the young and active population, suffer multiple injuries. Ashwini Hospital has a dedicated Trauma Team consisting of experienced surgeons in Neuro-Surgery, General Surgery, Orthopedics, Spine Surgery, Thoracic Surgery, Plastic and Micro-Surgery.
For the purposes of this report, the trauma patient is an injured person who requires timely diagnosis and treatment of actual or potential injuries by a multidisciplinary team of health care professionals, supported by the appropriate resources, to diminish or eliminate the risk of death or permanent disability. Injuries occur across a broad spectrum and a trauma system must determine the appropriate level of care for each type of injury.
A trauma center is a specialized hospital that treats victims of physical trauma. Physical trauma is defined as blunt, penetrating or burn injury that requires immediate medical treatment in order for the person who has sustained such injury to survive. Most often, these types of injury are the result of falls, auto accidents, gunshots, stabbings and/or burns. A trauma center is staffed 24 hours a day, 7 days a week with a trauma surgery team that is specially qualified to attend to traumatic injury. After the patient is stabilized, his/her continuum of care is the responsibility of the trauma center staff until the patient is released from the trauma center.
Emergency rooms are not established in such a way as to provide the same services within the same time frame as a licensed trauma center. They function under lesser requirements than trauma centers. Trauma centers are required to have a staff of certified trauma surgeons on staff and present at all times. In addition to these surgeons, it is also required that a staff of specialists and sub-specialists be available on an "on-call" basis, responding within a specifically defined number of minutes. All of these requirements are in place in order to provide highly specialized care within one hour of injury (the "golden hour").